How is CBD oil made?

by Simy Wandering Turtle

This is a world of hemp and cannabis and we’re just living in it. With the rise of science and an influx of liberal politics, things are getting more open. What was a once a taboo subject, now is a staple of medicine all around the world. What may seem like a novelty to most is an ancient secret of old times.

We’re saying that cannabis use is a really old tradition in many cultures of the world. But, have you ever wondered how old is it exactly? The first recorded use of this beneficial plant is almost 5000 years ago in ancient China. Even then, botanists were able to differentiate between female and male parts, including their distinct properties. As it is evident, the recent stigma around medicinal cannabis is just what it is – a very recent one.

When it comes to the medicinal use of cannabis in recent years, there is one crucial element of it, and that’s cannabidiol or CBD. CBD is a cannabinoid, which means that it’s a compound derived from the cannabis plant. There is one important facet of CBD oil – the manufacturing process. It has become an industrialized procedure in recent years.

There are three distinct ways to manufacture it, but let’s brush up on the immense health benefits CBD has. They are always worth pointing out.

How CBD benefit our health?

Cannabinoids are no strangers to the human race. We’ve been successfully cultivating cannabis plants for 12.000 years or so. CBD was there from the start. It’s one of the 110 existing cannabinoids, and also the most prevalent ones. You can find the largest amounts of CBD in the female plant’s resin glands.

It’s not so hard to get, but even if it were – it’s completely worth. It carries an immense list of health benefits that you simply cannot ignore. When it comes to the limit of the benefits, there is simply no such thing. Let’s take a look at the versatile “skill-set” of CBD oil.

  • It helps with sleep. Since many people suffer from stress, CBD can be an excellent choice for them. It beats insomnia and allows us to calm down when we need rest.
  • Even in more severe cases, CBD can cure epilepsy. This amazing claim is true. Otherwise untreatable cases have either been miraculously curing or have seen amazing improvements.
  • Stress relief is also a great way to use CBD oil for. Nowadays, you can vape it too. More and more people are using CBD vape pens for relaxation throughout the day.
  • It improves cognitive synapses and promotes better storage of newly-acquired knowledge. According to one Indian study, it is also showing promise as a quality ADHD medicine.

The list simply goes on and on. Now that we’ve found out about the entire arsenal of CBD’s health benefits, it’s time to get to the nitty-gritty. Let’s take a look at how CBD oil is really made and what are the advantages of each way.

What are the ways of manufacturing CBD oil?

For starters, it’s important to know that CBD can be extracted from two different kinds of cannabis – hemp and marijuana. Marijuana is the better-known sibling of hemp, mostly because it contains high amounts of THC. THC is the cannabinol that is tasked with creating a “high” feeling within our minds.

Hemp, on the other hand, has almost no traces of THC. It has abundant quantities of CBD, which makes it the ideal choice for CBD oil to be extracted from. In the science community, these three ways are considered to be the absolute best when it comes to oil synthesis. Let’s take a look at their properties and benefits.

The Super-Critical CO2 extraction method

In recent years, this method has shown to be the most efficient, but also the most expensive. Many industries employ this method – coffee, tea, omega-3 oils, perfumes, etc. This is not just a method limited to CBD oil manufacturing.

It’s conducted by using special kinds of temperature and pressure. The CO2 is compressed upwards to 10,000 psi, a very high compression point. When reaching these extremes, CO2 has the properties of both gas and liquid. Paradoxical, we know, but it’s viable according to the laws of physics.

When it that state, CO2 is heated and passed through hemp in a loop extractor. Being so powerful, CBD draws an extract out – the compound we know that as CBD oil. The finished product is almost see-through with a light yellowish color.

Canola oil and ethanol method

Ethanol is what we know as drinkable alcohol. It isn’t used mostly for recreational purposes. As a preservative and solvent, it has shown great promise all around the industry. One of its applications is the use as a CBD-extraction agent.

When it comes to its chemical properties, ethanol is what we call a “polar solvent”. It is always “willing” to mix with water and dissolve other compounds. One of those dis solvable compounds is chlorophyll, the pigment found in every plant, even hemp.

During the dissolution process, chlorophyll will leave a dark green color in the oil. This way, you will get a cheaper, but less potent sort of CBD oil. It’s less concentrated and you will need to take larger doses for it to show any effects.

The Rick Simpson hydrocarbon method

This method got its name from the famous cannabis activist and inventor, Rick Simpson. He coined this method because we wanted to cure his dizziness and tinnitus using something natural.

Take into consideration the fact that this method is extremely risky, with possible fires or explosions. It uses hydrocarbon gases such as butane, pentane, propane or hexane to extract CBD oil from the hemp plant.

It is indeed the cheapest method, allowing you to use it at home. Despite this notion, it should never be done without supervision. The downsides are that hydrocarbon gasses weaken the potency of CBD and possibly leave a toxic residue. Given the fact that there are tons of legal CBD products, it may be seen as irrelevant.

Sources:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4718203/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4274767/